Program: Da Sime Jaj
Field Story 1: Attacks on Polio workers in Khyber Agency
(Reporter Fareed Shinwari)
Field Story 2: CRSS holds seminar on FCR in Dera Ismail Khan
Field Story 3: Five day training for journalists of War zone
(Reporter Khurshid Ali)
Field Story 4: Development Schemes in Mohmand Agency
(Reporter Shams Mohmand)
Anchor Person: Khalida Niaz
Co-Anchor Person: Masaood Jan
Summary: âTehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) announces a month-long ceasefire as part of efforts to have peace deal with the government. The Pakistani government also gives a positive response to Talibanâs offer and announced to stop airstrikes against militants as Pakistani forces have been striking militantâs hideouts in the northwest after militants killed 23 Pakistani troops. TTP has waged war against the Pakistani state for last many years, leaving thousands of civilians and law enforcers dead in the violenceâ.
Khalida Niaz: violence and bomb blast continues in the country that resulted killing of innocent civilians and law enforcers, which is a big question mark on the announced ceasefire between the Taliban and Pakistani government. A bomb blast kills two FC personnel and injures two other in Landi Kotal, Khyber Agency. Similarly in Jamrud Tehsil of the agency, polio workers and security deployed for security of these workers were targeted by terrorists and as a result of two consecutive blasts, Assistant Line Officer Jamrud Said Kareem killed and many other injured. Mr. Masaood, the whole nation is stunned that if Taliban are not carrying these brutal and blatant attacks, then who are behind them?
Masaood Jan: ceasefire is a state of peace agreed to opponents so they can discuss peace terms. For negotiations between two rivals or groups to end a dispute, ceasefire is the first stage. Unless war and violence stop, dialogues cannot be succeeded. Ceasefire is like custom of âTighaâ practiced in Pakhtunâs society after which dialogues start. The important question is that whether after ceasefire, these killings and bombardments have been stopped or not? After the new development, a tragic incident in metropolis Islamabad took place claiming life of a female, who was qualified from England. Terrorists plan their ill designs through proper planning and are quite successful in achieving their targets. They attacked a vehicle in Khyber Agency carrying polio volunteers and security guards when an improvised explosive device went off. After the incident, when the personnel of Levis force reached the spot, so another blast occurred. Polio workers are being targeted on the pretext that polio has ingredients, which are harmful for children. Though recently Imam Kabah called a meeting in Saudi Arab that participated by Muftis and scholars from all over the world, who termed polio drops as essential for children. A child can become disabled for whole life, in case he/she is not vaccinated.
âReportâ: Atleast fourteen khasadar personnel including line officer were killed and ten other personnel and polio workers sustained injuries in two consecutive blasts on polio teams here at Lashora area of Tehsil Jamrud. According to local administration, the incident took place at a time when children were being immunized and Khasadar forces were deputed for security of volunteers. Assistant Political Agent Jahangir Azam Wazir said in this regard that such incidents couldnât discourage them to stop polio drive and they will practice it in future too.
Asst. Political Agent: âWe had foolproof security measures on the occasion of polio campaign, but Lashora is a far-flung and rough area where it is hard to find IDS planted alongside the road. We have apprehended 27 suspects in the area and we are interrogating themâ.
Reporter: the administration further informed that in first blast 40 to 50kg while in second blast around 20kg explosive materials were used. The death bodies and injured were shifted to Tehsil Jamrud Civil Hospital while seriously wounded persons are taken to Peshawar hospital.
MS Jamrud hospital: âIt was 11am when we were informed about the attacks on polio workers. We prepared ourselves and emergency was imposed in the hospital. Till 3pm, we received 12 bodies and nine injured. We are trying our level best to provide best medical aid to wounded personsâ.
Reporter: According to Khyber Agency health department, out of 38 territories, 12 were sensitive thus anti-polio drive couldnât be run in the past in these areas including Lashora. Regarding the drops, Maulana Naqeebullah Junaidi said that the immunization is lawful and worldâs prominent religious scholars are agreed on it.
Maulana Junaidi: âThere is nothing wrong to vaccinate your children rather these drops can protect a child from forever disability. It is not prohibited in Islam and people must be aware about its importance particularly in rural and undeveloped areas of the country, an effective awareness campaign should be launched. Treatment is Sunnah and Prophet (PBUH) also sought medical aidâ.
Masaood Jan: There is long list of such victims, who were sole bread earners to their families and after their death, their families are leading a helpless and deprived life forcing children to be involved in child labor. Government is liable to provide protection to life and property of the public, but in present state of war, it is itself in trouble. Our law enforcers are neither well-trained nor well-equipped to combat terrorism and to root it out, yet their role is laudable, since they are fighting with least resources.
Khalida Niaz: Do you think, in presence of violence and terror attacks, the process of dialogue could be carried on?
Masaood Jan: recent attacks on polio workers and security forces badly disturbed the process of peace talks. If Taliban do not claim these attacks then both government and Taliban need to identify elements involved in these heinous attacks, because third party may be trying to create an atmosphere of distrust among them.
âReportâ: The speakers at a seminar have called upon the federal government to eliminate Frontier Crime Regulations in Fata, which is the biggest reason for backwardness of tribal people. Organized by Center for Research and Security Studies (CRSS), the theme of the seminar was âFCRâ, which was imposed by British regime in 1901 and still effective. The event was held at Dera Ismail Khan National Club wherein former chief secretary Sang-e-Marjan Mehsud, former advocate general Khan Wali Khan, Dr. Nasim Saba from Gomal Medical College, Dean of Khushal Khan University, Dr. Mirza Jan Mehsud, tribal Maliks and people from other walks of life were also present. In her remarks, Dr. Nasim Saba said:
Dr. Nasim: âtribal women are denied from all kinds of fundamental rights. The way human rights are being violated in tribal regions, is simply unparallel in this world at present. For example, clans do not have right to justice, right to argument or right to say something in their favor when arrested by political administration. Human rights organizations were required to voice against these human rights violations and to bring this issue into the notice of international communityâ.
Senior journalist: âMy name is Sailab Mehsud, FCR is a black law particularly its article-40 must be abolished. Journalists have also been affecting from the law and they are jailed and tortured many times. Tribal Union of Journalists protested against this brutal law many times, but no avail. Under collective responsibility, innocent people are sent behind the lockup, which is injusticeâ.
Reporter: when asked that what should be the alternative law, in this regard Ex-Chief Secretary Mr. Sange Marjani shared his views as under:
Ex-chief secretary: âEighty percent people are illiterate in tribal regions, they donât want court and police and want old traditional system preserved in Fata. An alternate system should be introduced or atleast FCR reforms must be implemented in true sense of words. Fata elected council should be endowed with the authority to decide alternate system and it must reflect peopleâs wishesâ. Nasim Wazir CRSS DIK
Masaood Jan: I personally attended the seminar on FCR. A similar seminar was conducted at Kohat as well. The seminar shed light on different aspects of FCR and through polling the opinion of the participants was found that whether they want FCR or change. Over 50% were in favor of eliminating FCR and demanded to restore fundamental rights of the clans. Honorable Dr. Nasim Saba, who belongs to Mehsud tribe of Waziristan Agency, said that there is no benefit of black law FCR and that it is the main obstacle in development and prosperity of clans, thus the government must abolish it and take steps for empowerment of young people of Fata. The incumbent government can do to implement FCR reforms sanctioned by former President in 2011.
âReportâ: Islam lays stress to respect other faiths and religions. Prophet (PBUH) said that Momins must respect other faiths, creeds and sects and that to avoid persecuting anybody else. In order to promote interfaith harmony, a five day workshop was organized here at Mingora Swat in which religious scholars and journalists from different parts of country participated and they spoke on the issue of religious disharmony.
Scholar: âMy name is Shaukat Buneri and I am from Buner district. Islamic University of Islamabad conducted the activity that was attended by journalists from KP, Punjab, Quetta and Fata as well. For harmony between people of different faith and religion, religious figures always played their role. Rulers should pay attention towards basic issues and problems of the people and try to solve themâ.
Reporter: The journalists of Malakand Division while sharing their views said after receiving the training, they are feeling change in their attitudes and behaviors.
Journalist: âMy name is Gohar Ali Gohar. I am from Batkhela, Malakand Agency. Training was mainly for journalists working in warzone so as they may do journalist according to Islamic principles. Journalists must do journalism for peace and avoid highlighting sectarian violence. Our single mistake can cause tension and disharmony among the communities therefore we should avoid touching sensitive religious issues. We were informed about spreading news in the light of Quran and Hadithâ.
Reporter: Tribal journalists said that for the first time they attended such kind of workshop, which was beneficial.
Tribal journalist: âMy name is Khanzeb and I am from South Waziristan, it is a common practice that without any investigation, we forward story that could put the life of a journalist at risk. We learn from this workshop that without confirmation, no news should be published. Islam says that unless you know about an issue or matter, donât spread it. Such types of workshops must be conducted time and againâ.
Reporter: The speakers were of the view that journalists should adopt Islamic principles in their writing and to bring a positive change through their contributions. Khurshid Ali Mingora Swat
Masaood Jan: We should shun religious differences and try to agree on those things, which are common among us. Abu Sufian didnât converted to Islam on the time of Fatah Mecca, yet Prophet (PBUH) said that those who will seek refuge in his home would also be forgiven. This example shows that we should not cruel even to non-Muslims. There should be no violence in the name of religion and we must live with peace and brotherhood.
âReportâ: Dear listeners right now I am present with Additional Political Agent, Abdul Hameed in Mohmand Agency to know the status of development projects and pace of work on ongoing schemes in the agency. Situation was tense in Mohmand Agency four or five years ago and terrorists destroyed a number of educational and health institutions in the agency. MR. Hamee, under Annual Development Program (ADP) how many projects are ongoing? How many funds are specified for the purpose?
APA: âAround sixty eight projects are continued in the agency under agency funds including schemes of schools and infrastructure. Apart from 31 new projects, which are included in Annual development program and these are yet to be started, 91 other projects are ongoing. The total number of these projects is 122 in the agency. The allocated funds are 1187.363 million while released funds are 208.766 million and expenditures till date is over 176 million. As a whole the utilization of these funds is 85 percent and we will make sure utilization of all funds till June of this fiscal. Under All Fata Funds, 24.620 million are allocated and 15.492 million have been disbursed. The utilization percentage is 63%â.
Reporter: Sir, many schools and BHUs had been destroyed by militants. What about their status?
APA: âAccording to the written record, work on rehabilitation of 13 schools and 8 public health units is continued. Similarly 14 irrigation schemes, 7 communication, 2 housing, 3 power, agriculture, livestock, sport and rural development schemes are also underwayâ.
Reporter: Mr. Abdul Hameed, Tehsil Safi and Tehsil Baizai are the most war-affected areas of the agency. Development process has almost stopped there. What is the status of developmental projects in these areas?
APA: âdifferent donor agencies and organizations like Islamic Relief are also helping out us in completion of development activities and we have diverted funds for development of these affected zones. A heavy package is specified for Mohmand Development Project, which will be launched in these Tehsils by Marchâ.
Khalida Niaz: Mr. Masaood, can development work bring any change in tribal belts?
Masaood Jan: as a result of over the decade long war, tribal belts in particular and settled areas in general suffered a lot. It brought magnitude of problems and untold sufferings for them. First of all peace should be revived in Fata, then government should focus on building infrastructure as well as carrying maximum number of developmental projects to improve the lifestyle of clans.
Qamar Din caller 1: Prang Ghar is an area of Mohmand Agency where the state of law and order is satisfactory. The political administration requires focusing on this undeveloped and ignored area as we are facing numerous problems.
Masaood Jan: I think, Prang Ghar comes under the domain of district administration of Charsadda, its administration as well as elected members should focus on issues of their public. One of the prime objectives of CRSS programs is to remind authorities their responsibilities and obligations.